Том 13 № 4

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Нові надходження

Зараз показуємо 1 - 5 з 16
  • Документ
    (2019) I. Bilenka, N. Lazarenko, О. Zolovska, N. Dzyuba
    . The paper presents an analysis of literary sources, which shows the importance of expanding the range of functional products and the relevance of developing technology for the integrated processing of Jerusalem artichoke tubers. For experimental studies used standardized techniques. Using the Ishikawa diagram, the most significant causal relationships of the main factors that influence the quality of healthy food products prepared on the basis of the Jerusalem artichoke are identified. Studies of the amino acid composition of tubers and limiting amino acid established. The main raw material is tested for the content of heavy metals and nitrates. The possibility of excluding the “cleaning” technological operation was experimentally substantiated and confirmed by microbiological studies. We have studied the effect of microwave processing at different processing modes to reduce the microbiological contamination of raw materials. Technologies have been developed for the processing of topinambur into candied peel and fermented products. In the technology of candied peel, to reduce the mass fraction of sugar in the finished product, which is used for sprinkling, a mixture of fructose and pectin was used. Drying was carried out to achieve in the finished candied mass fraction of moisture 14%. The parameters of the Jerusalem artichoke fermentation process were established: temperature - 20 ° С, duration 10 days, the amount of the added starter was 1% of the mass of the prepared raw material. Lactic acid bacteria Lactobacillus plantarum strain AH 11/16 were used as the starter. Fermentation was carried out before the accumulation of titratable acids 0.8 ... 0.9%, in terms of lactic acid. A flow chart of the integrated processing of Jerusalem artichoke tubers into functional food products is presented. A tasting of the developed samples was carried out, which showed high organoleptic indicators of the quality of the finished product. The developed technologies have been tested in restaurant facilities.
  • Документ
    (2019) A. Lilishentseva, A. Smolyar
    To assess the competitiveness of products abroad, the method of descriptor-profile analysis is widely used, the essence of which is that the complex concept of one of the organoleptic properties (taste, smell, texture) is in the form of a set of simple components (descriptors) that are evaluated by tasters intensity on the appropriate scale. The method allows comparing the sensory characteristics of the products produced with competitors and developing the sensory profiles of the original standards (brands) of products. The article presents the results of scoring the quality of nine samples of apple juice. As a result of the work carried out by the commission of appraisers of taste, fruit juice descriptors were developed. Based on the marketing research, consumer preferences were studied and the coefficients of significance of fruit juice descriptors were determined. Further, a 50-point scale for evaluating the quality of fruit juices based on the received descriptors was developed. Using the developed point scale, the quality of nine samples of reconstituted apple juice was assessed, as a result of which a sample of apple juice was determined, which scored the maximum number of points and approached the profile of an ideal apple juice.
  • Документ
    (2019) M. Kucheruk, S. Midyk, D. Zasekin, В. Ushkalov, О. Kepple
    The article presents the results of the study on fatty acids content of broiler chickens purchased from retailers and broiler chickens grown in organic farming. In the study we compared the obtained results. There are also results of the influence of developed preventive drug postbiotic on the fatty acid composition of broiler chickens. The samples were compared in terms of their nutritional value and quality. Chicken that goes into the retail network is obtained from broiler chickens grown in a traditional (intensive) technological way. Organic poultry is extensive. For the experiment in organic farming, we formed the 2 groups (control and experiment). In the experimental group, broiler chickens received a prophylactic preparation - a postbiotic with organic feed, and no drugs were used in the control. In-depth studies of the mechanisms of its effect on the body of chickens and the quality of the products obtained were studied changes in the fatty acid composition of total lipids in skeletal muscle and the biochemical composition of the muscle tissue of chickens. There were no significant changes in the fatty acid content of the tested meat compared with the control group. The content of palmitoleic, linoleic and caprylic acids is slightly increased. The fat content of heavy broiler chickens is much higher than that of broiler chickens. The best fatty acid ratio of omega-3 and omega-6 is found in organic chicken meat. Retail chicken meat has a lower omega 6 content, significantly higher than palmitic acid omega 3. Organic chicken meat contains 3-5% less fat compared to retail chicken. In the meat of chickens grown using organic technology, the amount of saturated fatty acids increased significantly by 11.13%, there is a significant decrease in omega-6 fatty acids by 7.57% and an increase in the amount of omega-3 fatty acids by 0.8% compared to with chicken from the retail chain. Therefore, the value of organic chicken meat lies not only in the absence of residues of antibiotic substances, pesticides and herbicides, but also in its biological value and dietary properties.
  • Документ
    (2019) L. Vinnikova, V. Mudryk, L. Agunova
    The work aims to the generalization and analysis of the main problems of production of fermented meat products, which are reflected in scientific publications of the meat processing industry experts. The modern researches of scientists all over the world are aimed to the achievement of bio- and microbiological safety, structure formation, use of new kinds of raw materials, features of color formation, formation of sensory properties, increase of biological value of smoked and uncooked products. The work emphasizes that the quality of finished products and the stability of the technological process depends on the quality of raw materials, the properties of their own microbiota of raw materials and/or introduced starter cultures of microorganisms. The possibility of improving the sanitary condition of raw materials and reducing the impact of pathogenic microorganisms due to the use of ultrasound, hydrostatic high pressure, high-intensity pulsating electric field, cold plasma are described in the work. Also, in addition to physical processing methods, the use of competing microflora, extracts of spicy-aromatic plants, combining salt mixtures, packaging are effective. It is stated that the formation of the structure of the finished product depends on the parameters of the technological process, the activity of exo-endoenzymes and prescription composition. It is shown that the color of fermented meat products and their stability depend on the content of natural pigments and the conditions of their interaction with nitrites under the action of microorganisms with nitrite reductase activity and pH of the environment. The possibility of obtaining a characteristic pink-red color of meat products without the use of nitrites was noted. The results of investigations of the possibility of varying the organoleptic parameters of the finished product by modeling the ingredient composition and fermentation conditions are presented. The possibilities of creation of new types of fermented meat products of functional purpose by the introduction of ω-3 fatty acids, probiotics, macro-, microelements and more are described.
  • Документ
    (2019) M. Sychevskyi, I. Romanchuk, A. Minorova
    Milk processing not only makes the production of traditional dairy foods possible, but it is also followed by the formation of by-products, which are not fully utilized, and their emissions into wastewater worsen the environment. The modern technical and technological level of milk processing allows the full use of by-products, which are a source of whey proteins, lactose and other potentially useful ingredients at their base. Amid the decrease in milk production in recent years, an urgent problem is to increase the rank of milk processing in order to obtain products with high added value. The article presents the results of analytical studies of the state of the issue of whey processing in Ukraine. Modern conceptual approaches to solve the problems of processing various types of whey, which is formed as a by-product in the production of cheeses, cottage cheese, casein, are presented. The new types of products and ingredients obtained from whey, having a wide range of functional and technological properties and being in demand in the production of food products, are shown. The development trends of the novelty technologies for obtaining a wide range of whey-based products and ingredients are analyzed, new research data on their role in ensuring human health are presented. The review article reviews and justifies the feasibility of introducing modern membrane technologies for whey processing at domestic milk processing enterprises, this allowing rational use of raw milk resources, reducing negative environmental impact, and increasing production profitability. The results of scientific and applied research using membrane methods and enzymatic hydrolysis of lactose in technologies of dry demineralized whey and condensed low-lactose whey, are presented. The use of existing industrial equipment allows, due to changes in the protein-mineral composition of whey, obtaining products with a wide range of functional and technological properties and increased nutritional values.